Pola Dan Keragaman Pendidikan Islam (Kajian Tentang Pesantren dan Ruang Lingkupnya)
Pola Dan Keragaman Pendidikan Islam
There is an opinion that the pesantren is rooted in Islam's own tradition of Tarikat. Pesantren has a close relationship with the special education place for the Sufi people. This opinion is based on the fact that the early first century history of Islam's entry into Indonesia is much more familiar in the form of tarikat activities. This is characterized by the formation of organization groups that carry out the practices of zikr and wirid. The Chief of the Tarikat called Kyai, which required his followers to perform the Suluk. Suluk is living with fellow Tarikat members in a mosque for 40 days to perform worship under the guidance of the Order of the order. For the purposes of these Suluk, the Kyai provides special rooms for lodging and cooking places located on the left-hand of the mosque. Besides teaching the practices of the order, the followers also taught the books of religion in various branches of Islamic sciences. The activities performed by the followers of this order are then called the study. In the next development, this institution grew and developed into a pesantren. Thus, the pesantren at that time served as a center of Islamic teaching and education and the center of the spread of Islamic religion.
Addullah, Taufik. Islam dan Masyarakat: panutan Sejarah Indonesia. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1987
Abdurrahman, Muslim. Islam Transformatif. Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1997Ali,
Fatimah Binti, “The Malaysian Educatioan System and Islamic Educational Ideal”, dalam Muslim Educational Quarterly 2 Cambridge, United Kingdom : Islamic Academi, 1987
Ali, Mohamad Daud, Lembaga-lembaga Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 1995
Ali, Mukti, “Pondok Pesantren Dalam Sistem Pendidikan Nasional”, dalam Pembangunan Pendidikan dalam Pandangan Islam. Surabaya: IAIN Sunan Ampel, 1986.
Al-Shaibani, Omar M. al-Taumi, Filsafat Pendidikan Islam, terj. Hasan Langgulung. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1979.
Ansari, Hanafi. Pengantar Ilmu Pendidikan, Surabaya: Usaha Nasional, 1983.
Anwar Qomar. “Manajemen Pendidikan Islam”, Solusi Islam atas Problematika Umat ed. Adi Sasono dkk, Jakarta: Gema Insani, 1998.
Azra, Azyumardi. “Pesantren Kontinuitas dan Perubahan”, dalam Bilik-Bilik Pesantren: Sebuah Potret Perjalan, ed. Nurcholis Madjid, Jakarta: Paramadina, 1997.
Bahtiar, Wardi. Laporan Penelitian Perkembangan Pesantren di Jawa Barat. Bandung: Balai Penelitian IAIN Sunan Gunung Jati, 1990